ICE逮捕行动引恐慌!签证在手就万无一失了吗?

July 18, 2019

移民及海关执法局(ICE)于7月14日,在全国范围展开逮捕并遣返无证移民的行动。特朗普政府此前曾宣布,此次行动计划涵盖10个城市,包括旧金山、洛杉矶、休斯敦、丹佛、迈阿密、新奥尔良、纽约、巴尔的摩、芝加哥和亚特兰大,涉及约2,000名无证移民。ICE在纽约市更是提早一天展开了行动,7月13日便在布鲁克林的一栋公寓大楼逐户搜查。虽然最终并未实行逮捕,但他们声称行动还将继续。

 

与此同时,许多城市的政府官员和民间移民权利组织在社交媒体上纷纷发声,向无证移民保证他们可以获得其提供的资源,并强调无证移民所拥有的权利:如果移民遇到ICE上门突袭仅携带驱逐令,而没有由法官签署的搜查令,当事人具有拒绝其入门并保持沉默的权利。

通过目前行动形势,预计特朗普在2020年总统竞选前,将再次强调其对移民问题一贯的态度。除了此次针对无证移民的大规模行动,针对合法签证持有人的审查力度在近年来也愈发严苛。

 

移民局实地调查

自去年以来,美国移民局加大了对各公司的实地调查力度,意在验证H-1B和L-1这两种最常见签证申请信息的真实性。费尽心力取得获批的签证申请,却可能因突如其来的实地调查功亏一篑?在H-1B审理之际,我们也为大家整理了实地调查可能针对的内容和应对方式。

 

美国欺诈侦查和国家安全局(FDNS)的调查员可能会通过以下方式来验证雇佣关系的真实性:

  1. 检查签证申请时提交的验证信息,包括一些支持性材料;

  2. 验证支持申请的公司确实存在;

  3. 检查支持申请的公司的公共记录和信息;

  4. 对工作场所进行拍照记录;

  5. 检查文件,问询相关人员确认签证申请者的工作地点,实际工作地,小时数,薪资和工作内容;

  6. 和申请者当面交谈问话。

在实地调查后,如果FDNS的官员认为该雇主或雇员对公司信息,雇员工作内容和资质,或任何和签证申请有关的实质性材料没有如实呈报,将可能启动反欺诈调查,并最终可能导致签证被撤销,还会对该公司所有外籍员工的签证均造成影响。

 

如果必要的话,该调查可能将递交给移民和海关执法局(ICE)进行管辖,并可能会对雇主和雇员进行民事及刑事处罚。如果雇员被认定为移民欺诈,则将被永久拒绝入境。因此对于雇主和雇员来说,确保所有的签证申请是准确和真实的,并且始终符合签证申请的法定要求十分必要。

 

若不确定来访人员的身份,或对方未出示相关证件时,可要求对方出示证件之后再配合进行调查。

 

另外需提醒大家,在H-1B被批准之后,涉及到身份转换,雇主应当重新填写I-9表格。更多关于I-9表格填写的问题,欢迎点击此处与我所专业律师进行咨询。无论您是雇主或者雇员,如果您对如何应对移民局的检查有任何困惑的地方,我们都将为您提供专业解答

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Contact marketing@jiaesq.com for more information or to seek permission to reproduce content. This blog is intended for general information purposes only. It does not constitute legal advice. The reader should consult with knowledgeable legal counsel to determine how applicable laws apply to specific facts and situations. Blog posts are based on the most current information at the time they are written. Since it is possible that the laws or other circumstances may have changed since publication, please call us to discuss any action you may be considering as a result of reading this blog.  

 

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