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美国于2005年通过了《真实身份证法案》(Real ID Act),旨在采用统一标准,建立证件的最低安全标准,国土安全局随后推出了真实身份证样本。真实身份证为一种标准卡,既可以当作驾照,也可以作为联邦认可的身份证。纽约机动车辆管理局(DMV)从2017年10月起,就开始为提出申请的居民换发真实身份证。

与普通驾照相比,真实身份证的右上角多了一颗五角星,表明其符合联邦安全标准。其中,美国公民可申请增强版驾照(Enhanced Driver License, EDL),证件右下角会有一面美国国旗。


  • 申请人需携带以下材料,到纽约机动车辆管理局办理真实身份证:

  • 身份证明:出生证明,护照,工作许可文件,永久居民卡,或持有I-94批准表格的外国护照核证复印件;

  • 社会安全号码的证明:社会安全卡,W-2表,或标有社会安全号的工资单;

  • 纽约州居住证明:租赁或租约协议,抵押贷款账单,水电费账单,或就业、医疗及学校文件;

  • 其他文件:姓名更改文件原件或核证复印件,如结婚证书或离婚法令。



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