2019 H-1B 新政解析

Matthew Kolodziej
科洛杰大律师
立法委员会前成员

由于今年H1B的申请注册流程将有可能由线下转至线上,加上抽签的顺序也有可能有所改变,种种不确定和陌生的申请形式使得2019年申请形势变得尤为严峻,而寻找专业的律师协助申请是目前应对政策变化最为有效的方式。

毕业于乔治华盛顿⼤学的科洛杰大律师有着多年的从业经验,曾担任美国移民律师协会⽴法⼩组成员,专精美国以商业、投资为背景的移民法。

以下是他对来年H-1B形式的看法:

”On November 30 the U.S. Department of Homeland Security announced some major proposed changes to the way that the H-1B visa lottery may work in 2019, causing considerable speculation and confusion among U.S. employers and foreign workers considering applying for cap-subject H-1B visas. If these changes are implemented in time for the fiscal year 2020 H-1B cap filing period, which starts April 1, 2019, employers would be required to register electronically during a prescribed registration period. USCIS would then conduct the H-1B lottery selection from these registered applicants. Those that are selected would be notified that they are eligible to apply for a cap-subject H-1B visa during a specified filing period that would last at least 60 days. The electronic registration period would begin at least two weeks before the first day that the H-1B filing period opens each fiscal year, which is normally April 1st, and it would remain open for at least two weeks.“

“11月30日,美国国土安全部宣布对2019年H-1B签证抽签工作将进行一系列的重大改革,此举引起了美国雇主和外国雇员考虑申请限额H-1B签证的大量猜测和质疑声。如果这次改革能够在2020财年(2019年4月1日开始)H-1B上限期间及时实施,那么雇主将被要求在规定的登记期内进行电子登记。之后,美国移民局(USCIS)将从这些H1B注册申请人里进行抽签,被选中的申请人将被告知他们有资格在指定的提交期限内申请限额H-1B签证,该期限将至少持续60天。电子注册期将在每个H-1B申请的财政年度(通常是4月1日)的第一天之前两周开始,并且至少持续两周。“

“There would be no government fee for the electronic registration and it may require the following information: employer name, FEIN, and address; employer’s representative’s name, title, and contact information; and the H-1B applicant’s name, date of birth, country of birth and citizenship, gender, passport number, and whether the applicant has obtained a graduate degree from a U.S. institution. Employers would attest that they intend to file an H-1B petition for the H-1B position. Only one registration could be submitted per employer for each H-1B applicant.”

“电子注册将不收取政府费用,但可能仍需要以下信息:雇主姓名,FEIN和地址;雇主代表的姓名,职务和联系信息;H-1B申请人的姓名,出生日期,出生国和国籍,性别,护照号码,以及申请人是否已从美国高校获得研究生学位。雇主会证明他们会为该雇员递交h1b申请。每位雇主只能为每个H-1B申请人提交一次注册。”

“The second major change proposed would change how the H-1B lottery is conducted for holders of advanced degrees from U.S. institutions. Two lotteries are conducted each year, one for the 65,000 visas allocated to all visa applicants and another for the additional 20,000 that are available to those with an advanced degree from a U.S. school. The order of these lotteries would be reversed, and count all applicants toward the H-1B cap first, and then when a sufficient number have been selected, then the agency would select the applicants for the advanced degree cap. It is estimated that this process would result in approximately 16% more visas for applicants with a U.S. graduate degree.”

“本次改革的第二个重大变化将改变H-1B抽签顺序,尤其是针对毕业于美国高校的高等学位(研究生及以上学位)持有人。每年依旧有两次抽签机会,但是改革后的抽签的顺序与以往相比,是颠倒的。移民局将首先抽取用于分配给所有签证申请人的65,000个名额,然后再抽取分配给从美国高校获得高等学位申请人的额外20,000个名额。据估计,这一过程将使拥有美国研究生及以上学位的申请人的中签几率增加约16%。“

“Note however that it appears unlikely that USCIS will have completed the rulemaking and processing changes in time for this year’s H-1B cap season for all or part of the changes proposed. The agency is required to allow a 30-day regulatory notice and comment period and then address any concerns raised by the public about the proposed changes. Then the new system will likely require extensive technical user testing. USCIS recognizes that the changes may not be ready in time and in that eventuality H-1B cap petitions would be accepted as normal on April 1st. It is therefore highly recommended that employers plan to prepare complete applications for all potential H-1B employees as normal, while waiting for a decision to be made about the changes to be implemented.”

“目前看来,对于来年的H-1B申请季,美国移民局似乎不太可能及时完成规则制定和实施改革的全部或部分建议。该机构必须允许30天的行政通知和评论期,然后解决公众提出的有关拟议改革的任何疑虑。另外,新系统也可能需要大量的用户技术测试。美国移民局认识到这些变化可能无法及时准备好,所以H-1B上限申请或将在4月1日被正常接受。因此我们强烈建议雇主应照往常计划为所有潜在的H-1B员工准备完整的申请,同时等待移民局有关改革实施的决定。“

“The proposed rules and the uncertainty surrounding them so close to the filing period starting April 1st, 2019 mean that U.S. employers will likely need to continue to prepare for filing complete H-1B petitions as normal while also anticipating the possible change in procedures. Further, there is a concern that employers will be incentivized to file as many electronic registrations as possible, even for employees that may ultimately not apply for the H-1B visa or be qualified for one, potentially reducing the number of visas available for applications that are eventually filed and approved for bona fide H-1B visa employees.  It should also be noted that these regulatory changes may not be authorized by the law as it now stands, which specifies the order in which the regular cap and master’s degree cap lotteries should be performed. This adds additional uncertainty to the legality of the proposed changes.“

“本次改革提议的规则和种种的不确定性使得来年的申请显得越来越紧迫(申请期始于2019年4月1日),这意味着美国雇主可能需要继续按照以往的要求准备提交完整的H-1B申请,同时还要考虑可能的程序变更。此外,有人担心雇主会被鼓励尽可能多地提交电子注册,即使是对于最终可能不申请H-1B签证或不具备资格获得H-1B签证的雇员,这将会在一定程度上减少那些提交申请并最终获批的H-1B签证雇员的数量。还应该注意的是,这些监管上的变化可能不会被目前的法律授权允许,因为目前的法律规定了一般学位上限和硕士学位上限的抽签顺序,所以这些变化无形中也增加了拟议变更合法性的额外不确定性。“

“Employers and H-1B visa applicants should consult with their attorneys and prepare complete visa applications as early as possible, as they normally would, while preparing for the eventual possibility that electronic registration may be possible two weeks before the filing date of April 1st, 2019. Jia Law Group will notify our clients of updates as they are announced.“

“因此,雇主和H-1B签证申请人目前都应按照往年的形式尽早联系和咨询他们的律师并准备完整的H-1B签证申请,同时充分准备在2019年4月1日之前两周进行电子注册。JLG伯盛仲合将在移民局宣布新政策的第一时间通知我们的客户。“

​#jlg伯盛仲合 #jialawgroup #h1b

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