中国推迟对美16种商品征税,部分已缴关税可申请退还

September 19, 2019

上周,美国总统特朗普在推特上证实,应中国副总理刘鹤的要求,及考虑到中国将在10月1日庆祝中华人民共和国成立70周年,也作为为中美新一轮贸易谈判营造积极氛围的举措,特朗普决定将原计划对2500亿美元中国商品开始增加关税的日期从10月1日推迟至10月15日。

 

中美双方之间的紧张关系近几周来稍有缓解,中国副总理刘鹤、美国财政部长姆努钦和贸易代表莱特希泽将于10月初在华盛顿会晤。姆努钦表示,美国在协议的达成和执行问题上和中国达成了“概念性”共识,强调贸易谈判已取得积极进展。

 

中国公布对美加征关税商品排除清单

 

在特朗普发表声明的前一天,中国公布了第一批对美加征关税商品的排除清单。中国国务院关税税则委员会声称,将继续开展对美加征关税商品的“排除”工作,适时公布后续批次的排除清单。

 

从今年9月17日起至明年9月16日,中国将在一年的时间里暂停对三大类:农业生产资料、工业关键原料和医疗设备,共16种美国商品加征关税。其中12种商品此前已经加征的关税还可以申请退还,其余4种则仅从生效之日暂停加征、但不退还已征关税。此批关税加征排除清单,未涉及备受关注的美国大豆和猪肉等大宗商品,其相应关税政策继续维持不变。

 

在列排除清单上的商品,大多属于生产原料和中间品,且很难从美国以外找到合适的替代市场。因此,加征关税对中国企业及消费者的影响较大,不利于中国整体经济发展:一是可能阻碍相关行业发展和技术进步;另外,加征关税所造成的成本增加最终必将转嫁到消费者头上。

 

在美中两国围绕技术和贸易政策等问题僵持之际,中国这一决定可谓是理性且务实的。通过此举,中国不仅向美方传达了其就解决中美经贸摩擦的坚定态度及诚意;同时,这也将中美摩擦对中国经济的损害控制在一定范围之内。

 

我所还将持续关注中美关税政策,及时为您提供专业解读。如果您正从事国际贸易相关事务,欢迎您关注本公众号获取实时信息;若您对关税政策的适用范围仍存在疑问,需要国际贸易战略方面的专业建议,欢迎您点击此处与史蒂夫律师带领的国际贸易专业团队预约咨询。

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