H-1B申请被RFE的几大常见理由

May 30, 2019

 

上周,移民局开始了2020财年H-1B加急申请的审理,预计将在6月3日完成所有申请材料的审理,并给出结果(如何确定您的申请已被审理,请参看:H-1B抽签进行时,三种方法快速知晓抽签结果)。目前,部分申请人已收到移民局的RFE (Request for Evidence),要求申请人补充更多的材料。此前,美国移民律师协会发表了H-1B申请可能被RFE的理由,供申请人参考。如果您需要律师就您的具体情况进行分析,可在线预约免费咨询了解详情。

 

 

RFE的常见理由

此前,美国移民律师协会发表了H-1B申请可能被RFE的理由,其中常见的几个原因有:

  • 专业性职位:雇主未能充分证明该职位为专业性较强的职位。

  • 雇佣关系:雇主未能充分证明和申请者之间存在合理的雇佣关系,包括有权控制申请者的工作内容,雇主有聘用和解雇的权力,或是监督申请者的工作。

  • 足够的工作内容:雇主未能证明他们有足够的专项任务分配给申请者。

  • 身份维持:雇主未能证明申请者合法维持着他们的身份。该类型的补件可以通过很多不同种类的理由发出,主要精髓就是质疑申请者身份的合法性。

  • 与申请相关的LCA (劳工证):雇主无法证明LCA被合法认证。或者LCA与申请的工作职位和工作时长不一致。

 

移民局H-1B雇主数据中心

美国移民局在4月1日发布了H-1B雇主数据中心,向公众提供H-1B雇主的相关信息,该雇主数据中心也是2020财年H-1B签证的新变化之一。公众可以通过NAICS(北美工业分类系统)代码、雇主名称、城市、州或邮政编码等,在数据中心进行相关查询。

 

 

 

(截图来自美国移民局官网)

 

 

H-1B雇主数据中心提供从2009财年起各个财年的相关数据,供公众下载。数据包括了雇主名称、NAICS号、税号、州、城市、初始批准数量、初始拒绝数量、后续批准数量、后续拒绝数量等信息,公众可以利用这些数据查询H-1B雇主,以及这些雇主申请的H-1B签证中,被批准与拒绝数量,以此计算出批准和拒绝率。

 

移民局表示将持续进行季度更新及年度数据发布,预计每季度更新一次数据。例如,一个财政年度的第一季度(10月至12月)的数据将在该财政年度的4月份提供。

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